Between Hitler and Stalin: Ukraine in World War II

This film chronicles the struggle between the Nazi and Soviet regimes, from a Ukrainian perspective. The documentary recounts the events in Ukraine on the brink of the Second World War, during the Soviet occupation of Western Ukraine (1939-1941), the German-Soviet War, the Nazi occupation of Ukraine and the second Soviet occupation of Western Ukraine & Galicia (1944).

The impact of these events, which claimed 8 to 10 million Ukrainian lives, is depicted through segments on the “scorched-earth” policies of both powers; the tragedy of the Jews; and the 2.3 million Ukrainians taken as slave labourers (Ostarbeiters). The Ukrainians’ struggle against the Nazi occupiers and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army’s fight—against both totalitarian powers—for Ukraine’s independence are is portrayed.

The film also deals with the forcible repatriation of Ukrainians to the Soviet Union, Displaced Persons (D.P.) camps and emigration. Between Hitler and Stalin features eyewitness accounts, documentary material, rare film footage, photos and documents obtained from myriad sources.

Stalin Mass Murder Documentary

Stalin Mass Murder Documentary: Joseph Stalin’s Regime – Communism’s Reign Of Terror – Russian Crimes Against Humanity
He used terror to mobilise the working population to fulfill his five-year plans for industrialising the economically backward USSR.
Every Russian knew that if he did not make his life a paying enterprise for his country … an agent of the Soviet secret police would conduct him to the cellar of this famous department and he would simply stop living.”
Stalin pursued genocide against the Soviet peasantry. He deprived peasants of their land, herding them into state-run collective farms, and empowering the state to seize all their agricultural produce.
There were millions of peasant smallholders called kulaks. Stalin’s called for the “liquidation of the kulaks as a class”. The reign of terror which descended on the Soviet countryside was probably the most massive warlike operation ever conducted by a state against its own citizens.
Special OGPU military units, armed with tanks and machine-guns, surrounded villages and fired indiscriminately into crowds of peasants. Mass arrests and executions followed.
Millions who escaped death in this way were rounded up, bundled into cattle trucks and deported to the notorious Gulag slave labour camps in Siberia or the Arctic where many perished.
In collectivising agriculture, Stalin met particular fierce resistance from Ukrainians, whose large population and sense of nationhood, he feared, could also prove a threat to Moscow’s rule.
During 1932-33 Stalin used unprecedented means to bring Ukraine to heel. He had all of Ukraine’s grain confiscated and her borders sealed so that no person could leave and no food could enter the country.
In what amounted to the first deliberately man-made famine in history, Stalin turned Ukraine – once the great breadbasket of Europe – into a vast wasteland. Millions died.
The writer Arthur Koestler was visiting Ukraine at the time. He described seeing from his train starving children who “looked like embryos out of alcohol bottles … the stations were lined with begging peasants with swollen hands and feet, the women holding up to the carriage windows horrible infants with enormous wobbling heads, stick-like limbs and swollen, pointed bellies.”
Years later, when discussing farm collectivisation with Winston Churchill in Moscow in August 1942, Stalin coolly admitted that the four-year ordeal of carrying through this policy had cost more Soviet lives and been more stressful to him than the first year of Hitler’s onslaught against the USSR.
Kirov’s murder and the purges
After the collectivisation-terror, Stalin sought to eliminate from the upper echelons of Soviet society anybody who could conceivably pose a threat to his rule.
In late 1934 he clandestinely arranged to have his main potential rival, Sergei Kirov – the popular secretary of the Leningrad Communist Party – assassinated. To conceal his own culpability, Stalin had the assassins themselves killed and then blamed others for the Kirov murder.
He cleverly turned the resulting political turmoil to his advantage by unleashing a political witch-hunt directed against Communist Party members who had been prominent during the time of his predecessor, Lenin.
Mass arrests followed. Once mighty revolutionaries were broken by months of interrogation, torture and threats to their families. When they were ready to confess to concocted criminal charges, they were brought before especially convened show-trials in Moscow.
There, in front of astonished foreign journalists and observers, they made self-abasing confessions that they had been lifelong traitors and agents of foreign powers.
At the end of such a trial, the Soviet chief state prosecutor Andrei Vyshinski would cry: “I demand that mad dogs be shot – every one of them!”, before the defendants were taken away to their deaths.
Stalin’s Purges spread to every level of Soviet society. Citizens were encouraged to denounce neighbours and workmates as spies or saboteurs. Regional police chiefs frantically vied with each other to fulfill or over-fulfill their arrest quotas of alleged “enemies of the people” – or else faced being shot themselves.
Population losses
The Kremlin went to great lengths to cover up the magnitude of Soviet population losses resulting from Stalin’s reign of terror in the 1930s. It suppressed the results of the 1937 census because, according to an official statement, it contained “grave mistakes owing to the activities of enemies of the people”. The real reason, of course, was that the census would have revealed a massive population deficit. So rather than disclose the truth, the Soviet government had the entire census board staff shot as spies.
A “revised” census was published in 1939 – this time, with grossly inflated population figures. But even this revealed that 10% of the Soviet population was statistically missing, i.e. 15 million victims of Stalin’s reign of terror.

Fire and Ice – The Winter War of Finland and Russia

Today’s game was not the first time the Finns put the hurt on Russia!

The documentary shows how the Finnish–Russian Winter War of 1939 influenced World War II and how Finland mobilized against the world’s largest military power.
It was selected as the best documentary at the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Film Festival in 2006. Ben Strout received an Emmy as Director of Fire and Ice from the Lower Great Lakes Chapter of the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences in 2007. In 2005 Strout was recognized by The New York Times as a Critics Pick Director for “Fire and Ice”, as well, editor Kurt Poole received the New York Times recognition as Critics Pick Editor.

When Borat Came To Town

When Borat Came To Town is a film about a small village in a big universe. A gypsy village is suddenly confronted with huge dilemmas after they are portrayed as backward people from Kazakhstan in the film Borat. Seventeen year old Carmen sees the people around her change and knows her future will change dramatically as well. She grapples with allegiance to family and tradition as she tries to be true to her own dreams.

Zero Hour: Disaster at Chernobyl (Discovery Channel) (2004)

The explosion at Chernobyl was ten times worse than that at Hiroshima and was due to a combination of human error and imperfect technology. Using a real-time split-screen format reminiscent of the hit series, 24, this programme examines the 60 critical minutes leading up to the explosion at the power station on 26th April 1986.
Each minute unfolds narrating the events from the perspectives of key characters involved including Chernobyl’s deputy chief engineer and his staff in the control room as well as innocent bystanders, the wife of one of Chernobyl’s workers and two fishermen working in Chernobyl’s warm waste waters.
With an extraordinary combination of drama and state of the art CGI graphics, Disaster at Chernobyl climaxes with the reconstructon of the final seconds leading to the disaster, the explosion itself and its terrifying aftermath.

Narrated by: David Morrissey
Producer: Tom Lasica
Director: Renny Bartlett
Executive Producers: Dan Korn & Andre Barro
Producer: Simon Berthon
Executive Producers for Discovery Networks Europa:
Bettina Hatami & Susie Worster
2004 Discovery Communications, LLC.

“Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.”

Don´t Look Down

This Documentary follows parkour/free running athlete James Kingston on his trip from Southampton England to Kiew Ukrain where he meets up with Mustang Wanted .This documentary isn´t focusing on James´s rooftop runs it is about his passion for climbing,Dont Look Down is over all a really good film but there are some things i would have liked more instead , i would have loved to see and hear more of James background from when he started with Parkour and also i´d liked it if it was acually more like a documentary , i just thought it felt more like some epic journey to Ukrain than James Story,but i still loved it´s every bits and as a huge fan of James how could i not have loved it when Mustang Wanted dangled from James´s hand over the edge of the Moscow Bridge! hope you all find this as intresting as i and enjoy the movie!!! 🙂

Masdar: The City of the Future | Fully Charged

Masdar City is a project in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates. Its core is a planned city, which is being built by the Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company, a subsidiary of Mubadala Development Company, with the majority of seed capital provided by the government of Abu Dhabi. Designed by the British architectural firm Foster and Partners, the city will rely entirely on solar energy and other renewable energy sources, with a sustainable, zero-carbon, zero-waste ecology.

Fully Charged is an online show hosted by Robert Llewellyn (Red Dwarf, Scrapheap Challenge, Carpool), sponsored by British Gas: Looking After Your World. During this series, Robert will discuss why we need to change how we think about energy consumption now. He will be taking a look at the newest electric cars available on the market [Volvo, Ford, Peugeot, Renault & Nissan] and also different forms of renewable energy [Wind and Solar].

No Sex Please, We’re Japanese

In a world where people panic about the rising global population, Japan is facing a very different future which could see their population shrink by a third in just 40 years. One reason is that the Japanese are not having enough babies and the causes of that form the basis of Anita Rani’s intriguing journey.

Part of a season of programmes on population for This World, No Sex Please, We’re Japanese explores Otaku culture – the world of nerds and geeks obsessed with computer games and Manga cartoons – which has led to a withdrawal of many Japanese men from the whole dating game. Anita meets two men in their late thirties who have in depth relationships with virtual teenage girlfriends as part of a role playing game: ‘I think twice about going out with a 3D woman’, says one.

The Japanese have far less sex than other nations and Anita also meets the women who struggle to work and have children in a society still dominated by traditional gender roles. Added to this, Japan also has the oldest population in the world, 25% are over 65 and 50,000 over a hundred years old. Anita visits a group of pensioners cheerleaders and a prison with a wing especially designed for pensioners.

Too few young people to pay tax, too many old people needing support – it has all led to a debt problem worse than that of Greece and an uncertain future

1972 Summit Series Final Game

The night when Canada won the Cold War

Game 8 of the 1972 Summit Series between Canada and the Soviet Union.

Please note: This is the original broadcast. The signal was relayed from Moscow, to London and finally to Canada, therefore the quality is rather poor and there are occasional audio/visual glitches.

Game eight[edit]
Controversy ensued when the Soviets wanted to back out of the refereeing agreement. The Soviets wanted to include the German pair of referees, originally scheduled for the game. Eagleson threatened to pull Team Canada from playing the eighth game.[103] In a compromise, Kompalla refereed along with Bata instead of Baader.[104][105] The ill will spilled over into the presentation of a totem pole as a gift from Team Canada. The pre-game presentation was cancelled by the Soviets, but restored on the insistence of Team Canada. According to Coach Sinden, Eagleson stated that they “were going to take this totem pole and bring it to center ice and they’ll have to take it or skate around it the whole game.”[106]
Heading into the eighth and final game, each team had three wins and three losses and one tie, but the Soviets were ahead in goal differential by two goals. In Canada, much of the country enjoyed an unofficial ‘half a day’ holiday, with many students in Toronto being sent home the afternoon of the game, while many others watched the game at work or school.[107] In Montreal’s Central Station, 5,000 fans gathered around ten TV sets to watch the game,[107] which was simulcast in English on CBC Television and CTV, and in French by Radio-Canada. Until the men’s hockey gold-medal game of the 2010 Winter Olympics, it was the most-watched sporting event in the history of Canadian television.
Team Canada took a number of questionable early penalties. With two Canadians (White and Peter Mahovlich) off, Yakushev scored to give the Soviets the lead 1–0. The game was delayed after a mistaken call against J. P. Parise, (he was called for interference, but Parise admitted later he was guilty of cross-checking)[108] and emotions boiled over. Parise was called for a misconduct for banging his stick on the ice, and when he saw the misconduct called, he dashed across the ice with his stick raised.[108] Parise nearly swung his stick at Kompalla and got a match penalty. Sinden threw a chair on the ice.[108] Some writers have commented that the incidents resulted in the rest of the game being refereed capably.[109]
After Parise’s penalty was served, it was Canada’s turn to go on the power play, and Esposito scored his sixth goal of the series to tie it at 1–1. The teams exchanged power plays before Lutchenko scored a power play goal on a slap shot to put the Soviets ahead 2–1. Brad Park then scored his only goal of the series at even strength to complete some pretty passing between Dennis Hull and the Rangers’ team-mates of Ratelle, Gilbert and Park to tie the score. The period ended with the teams tied 2–2.
In the second, the Soviets started with a quick goal by Shadrin after 21 seconds. The last ten minutes saw two goals from the Soviets: Yakushev scoring his seventh of the series followed by Vasiliev on the power play to put the Soviets ahead 5–3 after two periods. White had countered for Canada midway through the period. It was one of few moments for Canada to cheer as the Soviets played an excellent period. The other was a goal-saving play by Esposito who stopped a shot by Yury Blinov who had faked goaltender Dryden out of position and had an empty net to shoot at. Blinov was denied by Esposito who stopped the puck with his stick on the goal line. Blinov and the crowd had prematurely celebrated the apparent goal, and Blinov shook his head in disbelief.[110]

The famous photograph of Henderson by Frank Lennon
Sinden told the players to try to get one back quickly, but play tight defensively and not allow the game to get out of hand. Don’t gamble until after the half-way point if need be.[111] Esposito scored to put the Canadians within one. The tension rose at the rink, and extra soldiers were dispatched for security. It was matched on the ice as Gilbert and Yevgeni Mishakov had a fight. Foster Hewitt noticed: “You can feel the tension almost everwhere!”[112]
At the ten-minute mark, Sinden noticed that the Soviets had changed their style, playing defence to protect the lead, rather than pressing.[111] However, the strategy back-fired on the Soviets. The change in tactics gave the Canadians more chances to score[111] and Cournoyer scored to even it up.
After the Cournoyer goal, the goal judge refused to put the goal light on despite the fact that it was signalled a goal on the ice. In response, Alan Eagleson (seated across the ice from the Team Canada bench) attempted to reach the timer’s bench to protest, causing a ruckus in the crowd as he made his way to the timer’s bench.[113] As he was being subdued by the Soviet police, the Canadian players headed over and Peter Mahovlich jumped over the boards to confront police with his stick. Eagleson was freed and the coaches escorted him across the ice to the bench. In anger, he shoved his fist to the Soviet crowd, as a few other Canadian supporters also gave the finger to the Soviets.[114]
The Soviets continued to play defensively. Sinden speculates the Soviets were willing to accept the tie and win the series on goal differential.[115] In the final minute of play, with Phil Esposito, Yvan Cournoyer and Peter Mahovlich out on the ice, Paul Henderson stood up at the bench and called Mahovlich off the ice as he was skating by. Bobby Clarke was supposed to replace Esposito, but Phil didn’t come off (“There was no way I was coming off the ice in that situation” Esposito said). Cournoyer picked up a puck that had been passed around the boards by the Soviets in a clearing attempt. He missed Henderson with a pass, but the Soviets mishandled the puck in the corner and Esposito shot on Tretiak. Henderson, who had fallen behind the net, got up and went to the front of the net where he was uncovered. Henderson got the rebound of Esposito’s shot, shot and was stopped, but put the rebound behind Tretiak with only 34 seconds to play. “I jumped on the ice and rushed straight for their net. I had this strange feeling that I could score the winning goal”, recalls Henderson.[116] This play was captured on film by cameraman Frank Lennon. The picture became iconic in Canada.[117] The call of the play by Foster Hewitt would become an indelible memory for millions of Canadians: “Cournoyer has it on that wing. Here’s a shot. Henderson made a wild stab for it and fell. Here’s another shot. Right in front. They score! Henderson has scored for Canada!”[118] Canada held on for the win in the game and thus the series. Pat Stapleton picked up the puck after the game.